The Development Status of Canned Fruits in China

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At present, the processing of canned fruits and vegetables in China has reached a certain technological level and a large production scale, and the layout of the export-oriented canned fruit and vegetable processing industry has basically formed; The canned fruit and vegetable processing industry plays an important role in China's agricultural product export trade. Fruits and vegetables are highly seasonal foods, and transportation and storage will increase the cost of deep processing. Therefore, fruit and vegetable processing enterprises generally adapt to local conditions and build factories nearby to produce materials. This has led to an increasingly clear regional pattern of canned fruits and vegetables.
The advantageous industrial belt of China's fruit and vegetable Plantation industry has initially formed: apples, citrus, pears, peaches, apricots, cherries are mainly concentrated in Shandong, Shaanxi, Liaoning, Zhejiang, etc; Subtropical fruits such as pineapple, lychee, and longan are mainly distributed in Guangdong, Fujian, Hainan, and other regions; The main producing areas of vegetables such as tomatoes, mushrooms, and asparagus are Xinjiang, Fujian, Shandong, Hebei, etc. Based on their own resource characteristics and advantages, as well as the processing characteristics of raw materials, and in accordance with the requirements of the international market for products, various regions will develop canned fruit and vegetable processing industries with local resource characteristics. Canned fruit processing is mainly distributed in the southeast coastal areas; The processing of canned vegetables has mainly formed tomato processing bases in the northwest region (Xinjiang, Ningxia, and Inner Mongolia) and mushroom and asparagus industrial belts in the central and southern regions. At present, the export bases of fruit and vegetable products in China are concentrated in the eastern coastal areas, and in recent years, they have been expanding towards the central and western regions, with a clear trend of "industrial relocation to the west".
It is understood that China's canned fruit and vegetable products have occupied Absolute advantage and market share in the international market. The annual production of canned fruits can reach over 1.3 million tons, with nearly 600000 tons used for export. The export volume accounts for about 1/6 of the global market, with an export value of over 400 million US dollars. The export volume of canned vegetables exceeds 1.4 million tons, with canned mushrooms accounting for 65% of world trade and canned asparagus accounting for 70% of world trade.
One of the reasons why canned fruits in China have taken the path of export and have an absolute market share in foreign markets is due to the market downturn caused by domestic consumers' misunderstanding of canned foods. One of the reasons for consumer misunderstandings is the illegal production of individual enterprises, where fish and fish are mixed in the market and replaced with inferior ones, leading to a crisis of industry trust. In order to better regulate the market and strive to win the domestic market, the canned food industry in China has to put in effort on industry standards.
It is reported that China has established over 180 national, industry, and product standards for canned products. In terms of canned fruits and vegetables, more than 90 product standards have been established, covering classification, measurement methods, product standards, technical conditions, etc., covering the majority of canned fruits and vegetables, providing regulatory protection for product standardization and market entry. In terms of quality control, a large number of enterprises have undergone HACCP safety system management certification, especially for processing enterprises exporting to the United States that must obtain HACCP certification approved by the US FDA. The formulation of these standards and the implementation of GMP and HACCP provide quality assurance for canned fruit and vegetable products.